Perrin Orthodontics

braces 101

Orthodontic Appliances

Rapid Expander
 
Develops/expands the upper jaw in growing patients to correct jaw discrepancies, crossbites and to generate room to address crowding.
 
Bluegrass Tongue Thrust Appliance
 
Coaches and encourages proper tongue posture during swallowing. Used in children that have a tongue thrust that is interfering with proper dental development.
 
Thumb/Finger Habit Appliance
 
Used to discourage a stubborn or persistent thumb or finger sucking habit that is interfering with proper dental development.
 
Space Maintainer
 
Used to maintain residual space left over from the loss of primary teeth. This extra space can be used to address moderate crowding of the permanent teeth in a developing child’s dentition.
 
Herbst/Piston Appliance
 
Used to encourage lower jaw growth in young/adolescent patients. Effective in patients that have a discrepancy between the upper jaw and the lower jaw growing pattern. Can be used to address Overbites and Overjets but only in growing patients.
 
Headgear, Cervical Pull
 
Used to restrain the upper jaw if growing too fast in the forward direction. Helps reduce Overbites and Overjets in growing patients but can also be utilized to increase the room available for patients with crowding in their developing permanent teeth.
 
Headgear, High Pull
 
Used to restrain the upper jaw if growing too fast in the downward direction. Helps reduce Openbites in growing patients but can also be utilized to increase the room available for patients with crowding in their developing permanent teeth.
   
 
Facemask
 
Used to encourage more upper jaw growth in patients who have a developing Underbite, where the lower teeth are in front of the upper teeth. Most effective in young children.
   
Removeable Retainer
 
Used to make sure your teeth stay straight after orthodontic treatment. Usually worn full time for 4 months after braces and then every night while sleeping for at least 2 years after braces. VERY IMPORTANT FOR LONG TERM SUCCESS OF ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT.
   
Lower Bonded Retainer
 
Fixed retainer commonly used to keep the lower teeth straight after orthodontic treatment. This is the area that is most prone to movement after orthodontics so we often advise patients to wear for at least 2 years or until 21 years old, whichever is longer. Even then, the lower teeth are still naturally vulnerable to move as we age, so often if the retainer is not bothering the patient and they are able to keep it clean, we recommend leaving it in indefinitely.
   
Tooth Positioner
 
A retaining appliance that not only keeps your teeth straight after orthodontic treatment, but can be very effective in maintaining a proper occlusion (bite). Principally worn while sleeping and for a few waking hours.